In a girl’s life, puberty is a stage when you develop from a child to an adult. Girls start witnessing changes in breasts. Start of menstrual cycle is also a sign of puberty in girls. Every girl goes through it; however it’s quite a tough time. It’s really important that we must clarify them about the meaning and other details of Menstrual Cycle.
I am a Gynaecologist Obstetrician ( MD, DNB OBGYN )with an emphasis on INTEGRATIVE MEDICINE.
A menstrual cycle can range from 21 days to 35 days. But, the average cycle is 28 days long. The menstrual cycle is said to begin on the first day of a period. The steps in the menstrual cycle are triggered by the sudden rise and fall of hormones. The specific events that occur during the menstrual cycle can be described as follows:
The menstrual cycle begins at the average age of 12. However, the research says that girls can start menstruating as early as 8 years or as late as 16 years of age. At menopause, a woman stops producing eggs. It is defined as one year without periods and after this a woman can no longer become pregnant.
Menstruation is the monthly shedding of the lining of a woman’s uterus, also known as womb. The menstrual blood is partly blood and partly tissue that flows from the uterus through the cervix and out of the body through the vagina.
Here are the most common signs that indicate that your menstrual cycle is about to start. Check them out:
Tender breasts: During the first half of the menstrual cycle, estrogen level starts increasing that stimulates the growth of the milk ducts in your breasts. These changes can cause your breasts to be achy or undergo swollen feeling right before your period.
Mood Swings: Almost 80% of females experience mood swings, irritability, depression and anxiety when their periods are about to start. Fluctuating progesterone and estrogen levels should be blamed. During this phase, a lot of females feel like crying for no reason and their emotional hypersensitivity can also be noticed.
Bloating: If your tummy feels heavy or you can’t get your jeans to zip up before your periods, then it means your body is undergoing bloating. Your body starts retaining more water and salt than usual.
Abdominal cramps: Abdominal cramps can arise as a premenstrual syndrome. The cramps may range in severity from dull, minor aches to extreme pain that stops you from participating in your daily activities.
Acne: Most of the women notice an increase in acne just before their period starts. This happens because if no pregnancy takes place, the androgen level declines that stimulates production of sebum. When too much sebum is produced, acne breakouts appear on the chin and jawline.
Periods occur less than 21 days or more than 35 days
Menstrual flow is much heavier or lighter than usual
Missing three or more periods in a row
Periods last longer than seven days
Periods are accompanied by blackout, vomiting, cramping, nausea and pain
Bleeding or spotting occurs between periods, menopause or post menstruation
Fainting or dizziness
There are various causes of disturbance in menstrual cycle ranging from stress to other underlying medical conditions. Let’s have a look at them.
Stress and lifestyle factors: Gaining or losing a significant amount of weight, work pressure, dieting or changes in exercise routines and travel leave a major impact on the menstrual cycle of the women.
Usage of birth control pills: Most of the birth pills contain a combination of estrogen and progestin. This helps prevent pregnancy by not letting the ovaries from release eggs. Consumption or refraining birth control pills can affect menstruation cycle.
Fibroids: Uterine fibroids are the non - cancerous tumors that attach to the wall of the uterus. They cause heavy bleeding and pain during periods, misbalancing the menstrual cycle. If the fibroids are large, then they might put pressure on the bladder or rectum, causing discomfort.
Pelvic inflammatory disease: When the bacteria enter the vagina via sexual contact, gynaecologic procedures or through miscarriage, abortion, they spread to the uterus and upper genital tract. The origination of PID disease disturbs the menstrual cycle.
Eat nutritious foods and limit your calorie intake.
Rest should be an important part of your lifestyle.
Practice deep breathing and relaxation techniques.
If you are an athlete, then you should cut back intense exercise routines.
Use birth control pills or other contraceptive medication as instructed by the doctor.
Q1. Which is an ideal phase of menstrual cycle to get pregnant?
Ans. Ovulation phase is the ideal phase of menstrual cycle to get pregnant.
Q2. What all foods should one avoid during menstruation?
Ans. One must avoid too much intake of coffee, salt, alcohol, red meat and other spicy foods.
Q3. What is the best remedy to reduce pain during menses?
Ans. You can take a help of hot water bottle to reduce period pain.
Q3. Is it possible to miss a period for a month?
Ans. Yes, one can miss a period for a month due to nutritional changes, travel or stress.
Q4. How to keep track of menstrual cycle?
Ans. Count the days from the first day of bleeding in one period to the first day of bleeding in the next period, the total number of days in between denotes the menstrual cycle.
Having regular menstrual cycle is a sign that important parts of your body is working properly. The menstrual cycle provides important body chemicals, called hormones that keep women happy and healthy. So, if you are suffering from misbalanced menstrual cycle, book your appointment with TruHealing. Our Period Balance is the 30-day program designed to help you heal your period problems for good. Get in touch with us and get your menstrual cycle balanced. Because the greatest wealth is health! Don’t ignore it, nurture it.