Things Every Woman Should Know About Premenstrual Syndrome

Our focus is on women's health. 

You also must have heard the word Premenstrual Syndrome, which is so prevalent in the society that 3 out of every 4 women must have suffered some sort of Premenstrual Syndrome. It's been a topic of discussion among women due to its severity and increasing graph.

Millions of women suffer from PMS premenstrual syndrome every month, which causes physical, emotional, and behavioural changes during and before the menstrual cycle. It is not caused by pregnancy, stress, or overeating chocolate but by lifestyle changes and hormonal fluctuations.

This blog will highlight all the key factors you should know to understand PMS better and how to identify if you have a premenstrual syndrome or not by the symptoms. You will also learn about the premenstrual syndrome treatments available and when you should visit a doctor for PMS treatment.

What is premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?

PMS is a group of emotional and physical symptoms that occurs during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. In this phase, your body is preparing for ovulation and pregnancy. Symptoms usually begin about 14 days before your period and continue until it starts. Symptoms include bloating, swollen or tender breasts, headaches, and cramps. Sometimes, PMS is so mild that it does not show symptoms, and it becomes difficult to identify if you have PMS. On the contrary, premenstrual symptoms often become severe enough to interfere with your daily activities. 

If you have five or more symptoms that are bothering you enough to interfere with work or relationships every time they occur, then you may have severe PMS, also known as premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). PMS can affect any woman, including pregnant women.

What causes PMS?

PMS is a complex interplay of hormones, including estrogen, progesterone, and prolactin. Hormonal changes during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle are responsible for PMS symptoms.

During this time, estrogen levels rise while progesterone levels decrease. This change causes an imbalance that can lead to irritability, tension headaches, and other symptoms associated with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in some women.

What are some common symptoms of PMS?

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms are different for every woman. You may experience physical and emotional symptoms such as:

Physical Symptoms are 

  • Swollen and tender breast
  • Bloating(a feeling of fullness in your abdomen)
  • Cramping
  • Headache or Backache
  • Clumsiness
  • Constipation

Emotional Symptoms are

  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Mood swings
  • Tension or anxiety
  • Depression 
  • Low feeling
  • Lack of interest in sex
  • Sleep problem

Treatment options for premenstrual syndrome

You can treat PMS in several ways. Lifestyle changes, medication, and therapy may all be helpful to you. Here are some types of PMS treatments you can look for:

  • Lifestyle Changes: Diet, exercise, and yoga to reduce stress are all essential lifestyle changes that can help you manage your symptoms.
  • Diet: Avoiding foods that contain caffeine and alcohol can help reduce your PMS symptoms. Also, avoid sugar and salt as these will make you retain water, increasing bloating and breast tenderness. Instead, focus on eating lots of fresh fruit or vegetables to keep yourself hydrated while providing nutrients to improve your mood.
  • Exercise: Include some exercise into your daily routine, even if walking around the block for 30 minutes a day before work. It will help with bloating by releasing endorphins into the brain, which lift depression like serotonin.
  • Medication: You can use pain relievers such as Ibuprofen, Naproxen, and Aspirin to lower physical symptoms such as
      • Headache
      • Backache
      • Cramps
      • Breast tenderness 
  • Take vitamins and minerals: Research has found that Calcium, Vitamin B6, and Magnesium may help relieve PMS symptoms.

How to Deal With PMS?

There is no premenstrual syndrome treatment that can cure PMS permanently. However, you can follow certain tips to lower the symptoms and quick recovery. 

  • Eating healthy foods can help control some symptoms of PMS, such as bloating or headaches.
  • Foods rich in magnesium may also help to reduce cramping by relaxing muscles and reducing tension in the abdomen.
  • Regular exercise helps relieve stress.
  • Sleep well! Getting enough sleep will make you feel better, so aim for at least 7 hours each night.
  • Take time for yourself! Whether taking a bath or going for a walk alone (or with friends), make sure you have time for yourself regularly.


PMS Complications and When Should You See a Doctor

While PMS can be frustrating and uncomfortable, it is usually not serious. However, if you are experiencing any of these symptoms:

  • Depression or anxiety
  • Severe headaches or migraines
  • Breast tenderness
  • Sleep problems (especially insomnia)
  • Fatigue

Dr. Disha Sridhar provides best treatment for PMS

Premenstrual syndrome is common, with up to 75 percent of women experiencing some symptoms during the luteal phase of their menstrual cycle.

To summarize, premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is common and can be treated effectively. If you think you may be experiencing PMS, start by talking to your doctor or gynaecologist about premenstrual syndrome treatment options. You may need to try different medications or other treatments before finding the right one. 

While PMS can affect your quality of life and how well you function during certain times of the month, there are many ways to manage symptoms (mentioned above) and to live a normal life. 

If you are facing irregular periods, pelvic pain, or abdominal pain, then consult Dr. Disha Sridhar, one of the best gynaecologists in Bangalore, for premenstrual syndrome treatment. She has expertise in INTEGRATIVE FEMALE GYNAECOLOGY AND REPRODUCTIVE ENDOCRINOLOGY and treats issues related to women's hormones, abnormal periods, fertility, pregnancy, and fibroids.

Call +91 9980182168 / +91 8792201157 now to speak to her!

You can also visit her official website to learn about her or to book an online appointment. 

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Ans. There is no permanent premenstrual syndrome treatment available, but you can follow some medications and tips like yoga, exercise, and a healthy diet to lower the risk of PMS.
Ans. Visit a gynaecologist for PMS treatment. Dr. Disha Sridhar provides the best treatment for PMS. She holds expertise in treating PCOS, hormonal imbalance, infertility issues, pregnancy complications, and fibroids.
Ans. It can be treated by following a healthy diet, taking medications, and practicing daily exercise and yoga.
Ans. Dr. Disha Sridhar provides the best treatment for PMS. She is the best gynaecologist in Bangalore, providing PCOS treatment.
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